Why Are My Gums Bleeding?

Gum disease can take a toll on your health. As with other oral health issues, gum diseases can have lasting effects on the body. This makes it crucial to seek professional evaluation and treatment when noticing bleeding gums. In many cases, bleeding gums are often an early warning sign of gum disease.

Treatment for gum disease is available at Osuna Dental Care: Chris Y. Kim DDS in Albuquerque and the surrounding area. First, our team performs an in-depth exam to determine the cause of your symptoms. Next, we offer a range of treatments to improve your oral health. Early diagnosis and treatment can help you avoid complications. Call us at (505) 884-1989 to schedule an appointment with a qualified dentist.

Diseases That Cause Gums to Bleed

Most forms of gum disease are caused by plaque. This sticky substance traps food and bacteria against the gum line. Over time, bacteria attack the gums, triggering inflammation and sensitivity. Without treatment, the problem can worsen. The gums may bleed while eating, brushing, or flossing. Gum problems have also been linked to heart disease and stroke.

Often, smoking and poor oral hygiene are to blame for gum disease. But some patients may be prone to gum disease even if they brush and floss daily. Pregnant women are at a high risk of gum disease, and so are people with diabetes. Patients who wear dentures are more likely to develop gum disease too.

In rare cases, bleeding gums can be a sign of a severe condition like leukemia. Patients who notice bleeding gums should seek dental care right away. Our team can determine the source of the problem. If further tests are required, we help patients make the necessary arrangements.

“ Often, smoking and poor oral hygiene are to blame for gum disease.”

Mouth Injuries

Gums may also bleed after a common mouth injury. Patients may notice bleeding after eating sharp foods or suffering a sports injury. Minor injuries could heal on their own, but severe dental bleeding can be dangerous. Seek medical care right away if you experience heavy or uncontrolled bleeding.

Taking some quick and easy precautions can help prevent dental injuries. For example, wearing a mouthguard protects the teeth and gums while playing sports. Avoid sharp foods like chips and hard candies, and never use the teeth to cut or tear objects. Keep appliances like dentures and retainers in good shape, too. Wearing a damaged or ill-fitting appliance can result in a serious mouth injury. If your device no longer fits, contact our dental team. We can provide a replacement.

“Taking some quick and easy precautions can help prevent dental injuries.”

Factors That Cause Gum Bleeding

Smoking, vaping, and chewing tobacco all increase one's risk for gum disease. The substances dry out the mouth and reduce blood flow to the gums. Over time, some patients may develop gum problems. Patients who notice that their gums are bleeding should quit all tobacco products at once.

Not eating right can also cause gums to bleed. A poor diet can lead to vitamin deficiencies. If the body does not receive enough of certain nutrients, patients may develop gum recession. Blood tests can determine whether a patient suffers from nutritional deficiencies. If a nutritional deficiency is to blame, supplements may resolve the problem.

Some prescription medications are associated with oral bleeding, too. Blood thinners, including aspirin, can increase the risk of bleeding. Patients who experience oral bleeding while taking these drugs need immediate care. Contact your healthcare provider for further advice.

“Smoking, vaping, and chewing tobacco all increase one’s risk for gum disease”

How to Stop Gums from Bleeding

Patients with bleeding gums sometimes stop brushing and flossing their teeth. Unfortunately, the stopping of oral hygiene practices will only worsen the underlying problem. As such, patients must continue brushing their teeth twice daily, even if they are experiencing gum bleeding. Use a soft-bristled brush and apply gentle pressure. Afterward, floss carefully to remove any debris that might be stuck in the gums.

Our team may also recommend a specially formulated mouthwash or a saltwater rinse. These treatments help clear up the infection and shrink swollen gums. Oral rinses also flush away debris and help prevent plaque buildup. Preventing plaque is an essential step in the gum-disease treatment process.

“Preventing plaque is an important step in the gum-disease treatment process.”

Post-Visit Care

Good dental hygiene can reduce gum bleeding. During each office visit, our team demonstrates brushing and flossing techniques. We can also provide advice on mouthwashes and rinses, which may reduce bleeding and gum disease, though individual treatment plans may vary. Our team will let each patient know how to care for their gums — even after they return home.

“Good dental hygiene can reduce gum bleeding.”

Frequently Asked Questions

Should I be concerned about bleeding gums?

Bleeding gums can signify an underlying health problem. If you notice that your gums are inflamed, contact our dentist right away. Our dentist can examine your gums and determine the source of the problem.

What causes gum bleeding?

Bleeding gums are usually a sign of gingivitis. Gingivitis develops when plaque and bacteria become trapped against the gum line. Bleeding gums can also result from:

  • Pregnancy
  • Prescription drugs
  • Vitamin deficiencies
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Poor brushing habits
  • Ill-fitting dental appliances

Our dental team can provide an in-depth exam to determine the cause of your symptoms. We can also provide treatment that can get rid of plaque and destroy the bacteria.

How is gum bleeding treated?

Our team begins by identifying the cause of your symptoms. If you have gingivitis, our team can perform a scaling and root planing procedure. This treatment removes plaque and bacteria from below the gums. If your symptoms have a different cause, we will provide the appropriate treatment. As part of your treatment, our team will demonstrate proper brushing techniques. We will also adjust dental appliances to ensure a comfortable fit.

Is it normal for gums to bleed while flossing?

Many patients mistakenly believe that gum bleeding is normal. On the contrary, healthy gums should not bleed, even during flossing or a dental checkup. If you notice that your gums bleed while flossing, contact our team. We can check your gums for signs of gingivitis or other dental problems.

Are bleeding gums linked to pregnancy?

Up to 40% of pregnant women experience gum disease during pregnancy. Hormonal changes can make you more susceptible to gum disease. Make sure to keep up with dental checkups while pregnant, and notify your team of any new symptoms. Prompt treatment can keep the problem from progressing.


5900 Cubero Dr NE suite B,
Albuquerque, NM 87109

Office Hours


TUE7:00 am - 4:00 pm

WED7:30 am - 4:00 pm

THU8:00 am - 5:00 pm

FRI7:00 am - 4:00 pm

SAT - SUNClosed